Novodobe Fortifikace Vol. 7 (2001)

Projects of Czechoslovakian Permanent Fortifications From 1948-1950
Martin Dubanek (Czech)

There are some information about the post-war use of the Czechoslovakian fortifications from 30's, but practically nothing has been published about completely new projects. During his research in archives the author of this article managed to discover very interesting materials, dealing with this topic of post-war projects of fortified lines in Czechoslovakia. He describes in detail types of fortification objects and the estimated structure of the line, which was to consist of objects with cannon and mine-thrower armament, rotary retractable MG posts and large infantry shelters. Although none of these objects had ever been built, their technical solution, combining elements from Czechoslovakian and German fortifications with uncommon solutions such as movable casemates walls or retractable MG and flame-thrower posts, are really interesting.. The article is illustrated with quality plans and cuts of four combat objects and two types of shelters. It is one of the most interesting submissions ever published in our magazine.

project ZRC
An example of projected bunker - artillery object ZRC for one cannon calibre 76 mm and MG in an retractable nest SOA.
By Martin Dubanek 2001.



Independent Infantry Casemate T-S 63
Ladislav Cermak, Oldrich Gregar (Czech)

The fortified sector Trutnov had not been finished, but it contains very interesting objects. On of the most amazing ones is the infantry casemate T-S 63, planned for frontal fire of an anti-tank cannon. The authors of the article elaborated the topic very thoroughly, so that you may read not only about the technical solution of the casemate and its history, but also about the gradual changes in its projects, related closely to the gradual unification of the planned weaponry of Czechoslovak fortifications. It is the first time that a detailed text about the armour frontal plate of cannon embrasure is published. Only a few casemates, including this one, were planned to have it. The article is supplied with photos and plans by a famous Czech author Oldrich Gregar.

casemate T-S 63
An original photo of infantry casemate T-S 63.
Archives of L. Cermak.



Fortifications of The Moncenisio Pass
Lorenzo Zburlati (Italy)

The Alpine pass Moncenisio, allowing access from France to Italian lowlands, had always been a strategic place. It is no wonder then that it had been fortified well during previous centuries. In the article you will find a description of all artillery forts and batteries from the 19th century and even both of the large armoured batteries from before the W.W.I. There are information about the modern objects built as a part of the "Alpine Wall" in 1930's - MG objects, small fortresses and casemate batteries, equipped with underground structures, armour cupolas and special fortification weaponry. The article is supplemented with plans of several forts and modern objects and a cut of a rotary artillery turret. A detailed two-pages map will allow you to find all objects remaining over the surface level of the dam lake. You may notice the beautiful countryside on the photographs. It is why the lake's surroundings are so attractive for tourists.

armoured casemate battery No.3
An armoured casemate battery No.3.
Photo by Robert Chirio.

Photo by Robert Chirio.
(All photos of Robert Chirio were downloaded from site Moncenisio Fortifications with author's explicit permission.)



Port Arthur Fortress in Russian - Japanese War, Part 2
Martin Dubanek (Czech)

V první èásti èlánku jste se mohli doèíst o historii pevnosti, technickém øešení objektù a jejich dìlostøelecké výzbroji. Dokonèení èlánku se zabývá pøedevším samotnou bitvou o pevnost, která byla velmi dramatická a vyžádala si obrovské ztráty na obou stranách. Zvláštì podrobnì je popsán boj o stálé objekty i polní opevnìní. Za pozornost stojí pasáž o použití minometù, které se v Port Arthuru velmi osvìdèily i pasáž o boji za pomoci podzemních min, což byl jeden z posledních pøípadù jejich použití proti stálým pevnostním objektùm v historii. Èlánek je opìt bohatì ilustrován plánky objektù, archivními fotografiemi i snímky souèasného stavu portarthurských opevnìní.

view from caponier of fort II.
A view from the caponier of fort II. throughout the penetration in its wall.
Photo by Masahiro Yamana.



Resistance Tests on Casemate K-S 9
Martin Dubanek (Czech)

Thanks to the researches of our colleague we bring you some very interesting material, dealing with post-war resistance tests, carried on the infantry casemate K-S 9, which was in that time already heavily damaged by German tests from the times of German occupation. The article describes the duration and results of the tests of explosives against reinforced concrete and armour elements of the object. Mainly shaped charges, anti-armour effect of which was a great surprise in the battles of W.W.II., were tested. The article is illustrated with high quality archive photographs which show not only the results of the post-war tests, but also drastic results of direct fire of anti-tank cannons on both of the armour cupolas of the object during the German test fire.

K-S 9 after fire test
A view at the rear side of casemate K-S 9. You can see results of the German test fires well.
Photo from archives KVH Kralka.



Vienna Anti-Aircraft Towers
Jan Pavel (Czech)

The topic of fortification objects for active anti-air raid defence has practically not been mentioned in Czech literature. The author of this article describes some of the most interesting and best preserved of their kind - giant reinforced concrete objects, built for the protection of the Austrian Capital. These towers were up to 55 meters high, their interior gave room to civil shelters, hospitals and ammunition stores and their roofs were full of anti-aircraft weapons, in the case of command towers also full of radar systems. The author describes in detail all of the built towers of various construction generations, their current condition and location. The article is illustrated with quality photographs and it may help you to enjoy your stay better in Vienna through visiting these object.

combat tower, position Baldrian
Second generation combat AA tower of position Baldrian. It is 42 m high.
Photo by Jan Pavel 2001.