Novodobe fortifikace Vol. 4 (2000)

The Czechoslovak Observation Point In Holysov
Jiri Fuchs (Czech)

There are thousands of various atypical and improvised firing and observation posts, which were built to reiforced army's positions, on the Maginot line. But the Czechoslovakian fortifications were never finished and all the constructions vere strictly standardized. This is the reason why similar bunkers are very rare in Czech Republic. Only recently there has been found an observation post on one of the light fortification lines in Western Bohemia. It was probably built by its defenders on their own. The author examined this bunker very thoroughly and you can see the results of his work in this article.

observ. post Holysov
A front view of observation post in Holysov.
Photo by J. Fuchs 2000.



Fortress Komarno
Ludovit Grafel (Slovensko)

Komarno city, placed on the confluence of the Donau and the Vah rivers is one of the oldest and best fortified sites on the territory of the Slovakia. The author describes the history of the Komarno fortifications from the Roman times to the 19th century, with emphasis on the very large 19th century fortification. The historical parts are supplemented by general charakteristics of the constructional and technical solution of the fortification elements which had been influenced by the ending bastion and the beginning fort systém of fortifications. Nowadays the fortress is in good shape and maybe after seeing the article will decide to visited. Of course the artcicle is supplemented by many planes and photos.

one of the Komorn's forts
Aerial view of a fort on Donau bank, from NW bastion.



The Odra River Position - Oderstellung
Rafal Marcinkiewocz (Poland)

The topic of the German Eastern fortifications is almost unexhaustable. This issue of the magazine brings an article about the fortified position on the river Odra belonging to the oldest German fortifications built between the world wars. The line consists mainly of small machine gun pill-boxes, shelters and observation points. On the contrary to the similar fortifications of the famous "Pommernstellung" the objects of the "Oderstellung" are better preserved and it is possible to find a great deal of interesting armour elements. As well as photos, you can find many plans of the particular types of the objects in the article.

bunker in sector Cigacice
Bunker in sector Cigacice with armoured board for MG.
Photo by L. Cermak 1998.



Fort Drum
Martin Egger (Switzerland)

No fortress is unconqurable and no battleship is unsinkable. An unusual sea fortress, which an article by a well-known Swiss author is about, is very close to this ideal though. If one is looking at the plans and photos of the huge fortress armed with heavy cannons, he can hardly believe it was built before WWI. Even today we can find it on a small isle in Manila Bay by Filipines, damaged in the savage fights of WWII, but still very impressive. The article we bring you, is an extended version of an artcle published in the German magazine IBA-heft. The author describes the construction of the fortress and its combat activities in WWII and he also mentions other fortifications in the area.

battery Marshall
A detailed view of the gun turret, battery Marshall.
Foto M. Egger.



Muzeum Katzenkopf
Jan Pavel (Czech)

German Westvall was mostly destroyed after WWII and for that reason there are not a lot of museums now. Described museum in heavy object (panzerwerk) "Katzenkopf" is one of the exceptions. This bunker is very interesting, because it is one of the objects which were devided to a few parts. It consists of main bunker (kernwerk) and a small detached object for an armoured cupola, which were connected by an underground passage.

lower floor of bunker for cupola
Lower floor of bunker for cupola
Photo by J. Pavel 1999.