Novodobe fortifikace Vol. 3 (2000)

German Fortification from the Year 1939 in Upper Silesia
Jan Pavel (Czech)

The fortified line in today's Poland along the former German border in Upper Silesia is exceptionally interesting. It was built to hold against an attack from the east in the year 1939, but was never finished because it lost all importance with the overtake of Poland. Heavy fortifications of this line are absolutely unique as Germans used captured Czechoslovakian cupolas, embrassures and more fortification elements to build it. The article gives plans of all-type objects and detailed maps, enabling anyone interested to find the objects in the terrain of the Upper Silesian industrial basin that does not provide an easy survey. The article is supplemented with photos, including pictures of all planted cupolas.

objekt type 116a near Zbroslawice
Bunker type 116a near Zbroslawice (Poland) disclosed by flood.
Photo by J. Pavel 1999.



Fortified Zone Mlawa
Jaroslav Chorzepa (Polsko)

Heroic defence of the Polish soldires at Mlawa is a great example how even only light fortification manned by determined defenders can stand against an enemy many times bigger. The article of the Polish author, editor-in-chief of the Forteca magazine, deals with the planning, construction, defence and following events concerning this fortified line. The article is supplemented with plans and photos of objects of all types, including their experimental predecessors built in the Modlin polygon.

bunker - memorial
Bunker - monument near Warszava - Gdansk road, Poland.
Photo by J. Chorzepa.



Light Fortifications Tests in Milovice
Pavel Holzknecht (Czech)

The article describes the course and the results of the shooting tests of the Czechoslovakian light fotrifications (later named as mark 36) and many types of anti-tank obstacles in the training area of Milostovice. A large chart dives the program of the tests, used weaponry and more characteristics. The article also includes two unique photos of obstacle tests taken by a tank.

light fortification type 36
Light fortification type 36 in Orlicke Mountains, Czech republic.
Illustration photo by J. Tocauer 1997.



History of the Olomouc Fortress
Jiri Vanecek (Czech)

Fortress Olomouc in the east of the Czech Republik is less known than the more presserved fortificainon complexes in Josefov and Terezin (Theresienstadt). The author of this article tries to mend this insufficience by briefly describing the history of the construction of the Olomouc fortress from middle-ages till the end of WWII and he does not forget dramatical struggles in the 18th century in which the fortress fully certified itself. The article also includes a plan of the bastion fortifications of Olomouc and photos of presserved remaines of the fortress.

Theresia's gate
Theresia's gate.
Photo by J. Vanecek 1999.



Museum in Fest Wagner
Ondrej Filip (Czech)

Fest Wagner (renamed by the French as l'Aisne), made accessible to the public by the ADFM association, is one of the most interresting fortresses in the world. It is a part of the city Metz defence, built by the German empire before WWI. The article briefly deals with the history of the fest and describes the visiting route of the museum. It also includes photos and a plan of this gigantic and in its time very modern fortress, that remained till nowadys in excelent condition.

artillery crew's shelter
Shelter for long-distance guns staff.
Photo by J. Pavel 1999.