Novodobe fortifikace Vol.
|German fortifications against Czechoslovakia in Bavaria
It is quite well known that even such an agressive state as the
nazi Germany secured its own borders with stable fortifications
(no matter if for a real purpose or just propaganda). Whereas there
has been many information published about fortificaions on the western
border or on former Polish frontier, we think that there is a very
interesting information hidden to most readers, that the Germans
had fortified the border with Czechoslovakia too. The article deals
with the Bavarian - Czech border line, using K. Burke's book
about German fortifications on the east and authors' own terrain
research as the main sources. The article gives basic information
about the origin, short history and an inglorious end of this fortification.
In addition to that there is a detailed description of the construction
of the pill-boxes, number of photographs and plans including a detailed
map, allowing the reader to find at least few of the pill-boxes
of this line hard to find in terrain.
Armoured board 10P7 with loophole for
MG (thickness 6 cm). Pill-box A1, sector Ahornberg.
Photo by J. Pavel 1999.
|Fortification of Helsinki
We appreciate very much that in the second issue we are able to
bring you an article by a foreign author, dealing with the research
on Russian fortifications in Finland. This topic is certainly exotic
for a Middle-Europian, but we think it is interesting too. You might
be surprised how large, thorough and certainly financially demanding
fortifications had been built for protection of a strategic harbor
by the imperial Russia, which was not exactly an industry superpower.
The aim of this article at the first place is to acquaint the reader
with the history and the whole form of the coastal and inland fortifications,
protecting the city of Helsinki against a naval and land attack.
For a better orientation the article is supplied with two maps and
a number of photographs. The reader can also find an information
about the current condition, usage and activities aimed at partial
preserving of this interesting relic of the fortification architecture.
Armoured cupola for observation (Helsinki).
Photo by J. Lagerstedt.
|Espionage against the Czechoslovakian fortifications
The tries of the German intelligence to obtain information about
Czechoslovakian fortifications were huge and there has been a lot
of materials published about them. But usually these were works
about specific cases and fates of their participants. The author
of this article wants to acquaint the reader briefly with the technical
and organizational part of the intelligence activity. The article
contains basic information about those organizational parts of the
German intelligence which took part in this activity, a list of
methods used to gather information and their results. There is also
a note on activities of Czechoslovakian offices to prevent this
danger. As the main source the article uses a non.published work
of attorney JUDr. Frantisek Vaska, who deals with this
problem for years. To show the results of the German intelligence
the article is supplied with espionage photographs, reproduction
of the drafts and a German map of fortifications near Králíky.
German idea of infantry casemate K-S 18 "U kostela"
near village Dolni Borikovice, East Bohemia.
|Fort XI "Dunkowiczki" of the Przemysl fortress
Although according to the historical events there are no larger
examples of the fort type of fortifying on Czech land's territory,
there is a number of interesting sites from this era not far from
our borders, in the territory of nowadays Poland. One of them is
the Austro-Hungarian fortress Przemysl. The article deals only with
one fort of the fortress. But this one is exceptionally interesting,
because it went through a large modernization, during which a number
of progressive technical solutions had been realized, mainly concerning
the building of the artillery turrets. At first place the artillery
traditors (blocks) with their armoured half-cupolas for cannons
have exceeded the similar constructions of the famous French fortifications.
Czech reader might be pleased by the fact that these armoured elements
are products of the Skoda factories in Pilsen. As well as technical
parametres the author doesn't forget about the description of the
fights in which the fort played an important role. Of course the
article is supplied with plans.
Plan of fort Dunkowiczki after modernization.