Novodobe Fortifikace Vol. 12 (2005)

The Oldest Bastion in East Bohemia
Jiri Slavik (Czech)

The new discovery of an old renaissance bastion inside the walls of the castle have been issued from recently made research. It's name is Castle of Vratislav from Pernstejn and it is located in Litomysl, small town in East part of Czech Republic. It looks like an orthogonal outwork.
There is described not only the construction in the article, but also a history of town fortifications in Litomysl. High quality plans are attached.

the bastion

A view of two from the three loopholes in bastion. Litomysl.
Photo by O. Filip 2004 .



Fortress Leopoldov
Ivo Vondrovsky (Czech)

Fortress Leopoldov is one of the largest bastion fortresses in Slovakia. It was built according the lines of the New Italian school. It was planned to prevent the communication on the Vah river from the Turkey violation. No much facts haven't been published about this fortresse yet, which is mainly caused by the fortresse has been the prison for some 150 years.
The author explains the reasons for constructing the fortress and describes it's rich fates, i.e. the resist the Turkeys attacks or attacks of rebels during the Thököly and Rakoczi revolt. It's use being the prison is also described, from the times of the Kaiser Josef II. by inglorious era of the oppressive communist prison until nowadays.

cooperplate from 1672
A Caspar Meridian's cooperplate from 1672 well describes the basic shapes of the fortress, although it is not too accurate.



Chaberton Battery
Caspar Vermeulen (The Netherlands)

On an abrupt hill, above the French town Briancon, there is on altitude of 3130 metres above sea level one of the most remarkable fortifications in Europe. It was constructed on the begin of the 20th century by Italian army as an armoured artillery battery. It's construction was not easy, they had to built also a special way almost 15 km long. It was also an object of interest of the French intelligence what is also mentioned in the article. The most interestant chapter describes its dramatical fights during the W.W.II. Finally it was destroyed by French artillery and author analyses this French success. Hiqh quality photos and plans are supplied.

chaberton - base towers for artillery turrets
Base towers for the artillery armoured turrets. Relics on the right side belongs to the upper cableway station which was destroyed by the French mortars.
Photo by O. Filip 2003.



"Million Bunkers" of The Finnish Mannerheim Line
Bair Irincheev (Russia)

There is not much known about the Mannerheim line which helped Finish army to defence it's area against Russian Red army during the Winter War. The author brings the description of the biggest fortresses of the line that were called "Million bunkers" for it's high costs. There are both construction and fights remarked in article. As regards the fights, although there were not many of these bunkers built, their service was quite successfull. There are plans, photos and also detailed maps with locations of bunkers included.

an embrassure for heavy MG

The best preserved (actually for all "Million bunkers") embrassure for the heavy MG in Sk-2 bunker.
Photo by A. Goss (all photos by A. Goss were downloaded with his permittion from www.nortfort.ru).




Unremembered Fortresses of The Maginot Line
Martin Dubanek (Czech)

Author of this article targets his effort to highlight the story of small infantry groups and casemates of the Maginot line which were built along the Belgian border and are offten hidden in the shadow of the more popular sectors of the Maginot line along the border with Germany and Italy with it's big and well-known artillery groups and museums. But right the weak sectors Maubege and L'Escaut were forced to resist the German attack in 1940. Author describes the construction of fortresses in both sectors, mentions its particularity of being built into the old French forts from the times before the W.W.I. and doesn't forget to include history of the fights. Article is supplied by the plans and photos.

block B2 of the infantry group La Salmagne
A block B2 of the small infantry group La Salmagne which is about to be reconstructed as a museum.
Photo by M. Dubanek 2003.



Czechoslovakian Plans of Fortifications From 1946
Martin Dubanek (Czech)

Martin's main research is attended to the post W.W.II. Czechoslovakian fortifications. Now he brings new facts about plans and design projects of the fortifications from the years right after the war. The influence of the pre war army and design can bee brightly seen in plans of the pillboxes similar but stronger than the original light pillbox type 37. Many of the projects include curious parts and it is really interesting to see the possible way of fortification development in case of not being stopped by the communism break in 1948.

a pillbox project
A rear sideof the pillbox. You can see a small cantilever above the entrance and the diamond ditches.
Photo and model by M. Dubanek 2004 .



Fort Villey-le-Sec of The Toul Fortress
Ondrej Filip (Czech)

The French fortress Toul was built before the W.W.I. Article describes it's fort Villey-le-Sec with it's history. Main part of the article is dedicated to the museum in this fort and information for bunker enthusiasts intending to visit it. There are also mentioned other interested objects of the Toul Fortress in short. These can be also visited, although there are no other museums inside them.

MG turret of Battery Nord
A rotary MG turret on the top of the Battery Nord. Behind it you can see a small observation dome of Digoin type.
Photo by J. Pavel 2001.