Novodobe Fortifikace Vol. 10 (2002)

Fortifications Buid-up on Mountain Range of Kralicky Sneznik
Tomas Setina (Czech)

This article contains some new info about line of the Czech light pillboxes type 37 on the range of the Kralicky Sneznik. This area belongs to the highest one which were fortified during 30's. It lines accross range of peaks with altitude exceeded 1100 metres. Fortified sectors were marked as XXII Chlum and XIII Susina. Except these light type fortifications inside the article there are also mentioned heavy casemates, that were planned to be built on this range in 1939.

There is usualy a dirty weather and also it was hard to get all that material needed for pillboxes built to the top on the range, so construction of them was not easy and firms also built some cableways. Also these topics are encapsulated into the article. It is suplied by three detailed maps, where all 58 built pillboxes, cableways, cottages for soldiers and locations of all planed casemates are marked. We can strongly recommend the article as the aid in the terrain research.


Pillbox XIII/287/A160 between peaks Susina (Dry Mountain) 1321 m and Tetrevi hora (Mountain of Grouses) 1251 m.
Photo by J. Pavel 1996.



Fortifications in Yugoslavia, part I.
Milos Habrnal (Czech)

In Europe, the fortifications of Yougoslavia are not the most known. That's the reason why we think it has a considerable interest. This detailed and exhausted article was derived from Yugoslavian sources and also from author's personal research in terrain. There are mentioned organization, construction included some details, , resistibility. There is also part describing shortly a typology of all fortifications types, from concrete pilloxes to field wooden shelters. Author notice also type of fortresses with underground similar to the fortresses on Maginot line. These ones were developed according to the Czech fortresses. Article is supplied by plans and photos.

medium type pillbox with two floors
A medium type of pillbox with two floors. It was equipped by two light and two heavy MGs. West Front, Begunje area.
Photo by M. Habrnal.



Bridgehead Chelmno
Grzegorz Stepien (Poland)

A small city Chelmno is located near the important crossing the Visla river. For that, it was decided to fortify the bridgehead at the right river bank in 1900. Until start of W.W.I there had been built a 14 km long semicircle of small infantry fortresses, shelters and batteries. At the beginning it consisted of eight forts and four infantry shelters, after field reinforcement in 1914 it increased to eight forts, 10 infantry shelters, 10 munition storages and two artillery batteries, so it means 30 objects at the whole. From the construction point of view it is an interested example of the most modern, well camouflaged and quite strength German fortification built before 1918 (and with small financial costs). It was intended to become the back of the infantry defence. Article describes all types of used forts together with their plans and photos. Also detailed map is included.

vjezd do fortu II
Entrance of the fort II leading to the caserne.
Photo by P.J. Grabowski.



Czechoslovakian armour machine gun posts after WWII, part 2
Martin Dubanek (Czech)

Second part of the article about construction and design of the armoured equipments in post-war Czechoslovakia starts in point, where models of rotary post B2 and armoured cover type A were tested. The article leads you detailed way along their development, from beginning to the difficult tests, the fire ones included. After tests some adjustments were needed. But finally it has been decided to bring the B2 post to the army armament as the OVKS post. It is interesting story not just about developed armament, but also about the whole state system of the post-war communist Czechoslovakia and it's industry signed by the wrong organizing.
However, only 25 pieces were made and unfortunately, we know nothing about their fates. The article is suplied by original photos and plans of the gun posts including plans of the field fortifications, where they were intended to be installed on.

lafeta pro lk
Light MG type 26 installed in the gun carriage intended to be used inside the OVKS post.
Photoarchives VHA, Prague.



Emergency Exits of The Belgian Fortresses
Oldrich Gregar (Czech)

We have published an article about emergency exits of the Swiss fortresses inside the issue No.9. Now the same author brings you the topic of exits used on the Belgian casemates, artillery groups and also old modernized fortresses. Main part of the article is dedicated to the modern artillery groups Tancremont, Aubin-Neufchateau, Battice and Eben Emael. Author sourced mainly from his personal field research. Except the exits he mentions also one interested couriosity on the group Battice - equipment for the getting inside in case of alarm, so called "Tobogan". Article is suplied with great amount of the plans.

Canal Nord
An infantry block Canal Nord of the artillery group Eben Emael. Emergency exit mouths from the lower floor and is well secured thanks to the block location in deep cut of the Albert's canal.
Photo by O. Gregar.